In an eye-catching parade through Cairo Saturday evening, floats brought the mummified body of 22 pharaohs, comprising Egypt’s most powerful ancient Pharaoh queen, to a new place of rest.
The Pharaoh mummies were transported on vessels seven kilometers (four miles) throughout the capital from the famed Egyptian Museum to the current National Museum of Egyptian Heritage, all while being closely guarded. The 18 kings and four queens took part in the “Pharaohs’ Golden Parade,” which saw them ride in order, oldest to youngest, in different vehicles decorated in ancient Egyptian style.
Parade Fit For Any Pharaoh and What it Was All About
They were carried with renewed vigour in chronological order of their rulership, from Seqenenre Taa II of the 17th Dynasty to Ramses IX of the 12th Dynasty. Egypt saw a spike in Covid-19 infections a year ago, but limits on open-air gatherings were later relaxed after the number of cases and deaths fell.
The pharaohs were initially preserved using ancient mummification methods, but for the move, they were put in special nitrogen-filled containers to help shield them from the elements. To ensure a smooth journey, roads along the route have been repaved.
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said just before the ceremony, “This grandiose spectacle is more evidence of the greatness… of a remarkable civilization that stretches into the depths of history.”
The first chariot belonged to Seqenenre Tao II, “the Brave,” who ruled over southern Egypt 1,600 years before Christ, and the second chariot belonged to Ramses IX, who ruled in the 12th century BC. Queen Hatshepsut, the most powerful female pharaoh, and another great warrior, Ramses II, who ruled for 67 years, were also on the short journey.
Video to watch the event and Ancient Egyptian Mummification Techniques
Egypt’s government is hoping that the new museum, which will open to the public later this month, will help revive tourism, which is the country’s main source of foreign money. The new displays will be located in the Royal Hall of Mummies and will be on public display beginning April 18th.
Mummies in Egypt have long been synonymous with superstition and haunting, despite the fact that they are now seen as a grand – and even pleasant – occurrence. Egypt has recently experienced a series of disasters. Hundreds of people were killed in a train accident in Sohag, Upper Egypt, just last week, and at least 18 people were killed when a house in Cairo toppled.
In terms of the mummification procedure, The recipe was discovered thanks to a battery of forensic chemical tests performed on a mummy dating from 3,700-3,500 BC, confirming that it was produced far earlier and used much more extensively than initially assumed.
According to BBC News, this mummy “actually embodies the embalming that was at the heart of Egyptian mummification for 4,000 years,” according to Dr Stephen Buckley of the University of York.
- a plant oil – possibly sesame oil;
- a “balsam-type” plant or root extract that may have come from bullrushes;
- a plant-based gum – a natural sugar that may have been extracted from acacia;
- crucially, a conifer tree resin, which was probably pine resin
The List Pharaoh(s) That were Relocated
Seqenenre Tao II
He was known as “the Brave” and ruled southern Egypt 1,600 years before Christ, leading a war against the Hyksos, a Semitic tribe who had invaded the region.
She was married to her brother Ahmose I, the first monarch of the 18th Dynasty, and was a wealthy and influential woman.
He was an infant when he became king and ruled with the aid of his mother, Queen Ahmose-Nefertari, during the 18th Dynasty.
Ahmose-Nefertari’s daughter, she was both the older sister and wife of Amenhotep I.
He was the third pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty and helped to spread Egyptian rule in the south after Amenhotep I died without an heir.
Son of the previous king, married his half-sister Hatshepsut.
She was regarded as the “most noble of noble ladies” and proclaimed herself pharaoh, despite the fact that women were not permitted to hold that title in ancient Egypt. However, she rose to become a dominant queen, overseeing the construction of various projects and the expansion of trade relations with other countries.
King Thutmose III
Being considered one of the New Kingdom’s great warrior kings, and his battle at Megiddo is considered a model of military strategy.
King Amenhotep II
His son was a professional charioteer and all-around athlete, as well as a bow and arrow specialist.
He was also known for expanding the Karnak temple complex near Luxor, as well as securing Egypt’s borders and fighting military campaigns that secured enormous wealth and power.
The Heir of the previous King.
For 37 or 38 years, he ruled. The Colossi of Memnon, two giant stone statues near Luxor that represent him and his wife, were famous during his reign for their opulence and the magnificence of their creations.
Was married to Amenhotep III.
He ruled for at least 21 years, leading many military campaigns to reestablish Egypt’s authority outside of its borders and son of Ramses I.
His exploits and accomplishments were memorialized in Karnak’s Amun temple. In the Valley of the Kings, his tomb is one of the most well-preserved royal tombs, with vibrant colors.
He ruled for 67 years and was regarded as a great fighter and prolific developer who ordered the building of temples all over Egypt, along with the famous Abu Simbel and the Ramessseum, which served as his mortuary temple.
Son of Ramses II, ruled 11 years.
King Seti II
Son of King Merenptah.
As a child, he ascended to the throne during the 19th Dynasty, with his stepmother Taworset, wife of Seti II, serving as queen.
King of the 20th Dynasty, he was the last of the New Kingdom’s great warrior pharaohs. Several papyri describe a “harem conspiracy” that included high officials led by his wife, minor queen Tiye, who planned to assassinate him in order to place her son Pentawer on the crown.
The king’s throat had been sliced from behind, according to CT scans of his mummified corpse.
Succeeded his father Ramses III as pharaoh, but he only ruled for six or seven years.
Did not have an heir but ruled for only four years before his death
One of Ramses III sons and was ruler for just 8 years
He ruled for about 18 years as the eighth king of the 20th Dynasty.